Clinical Picture of Osteochondrosis in Older Adults
In the early stage, osteochondrosis does not cause any discomfort. However, over time, patients have noted the development of a pronounced pain syndrome in the lumbar, cervical, or thoracic region, which is addicted to walking, physical exertion, and lifting.
Osteochondrosis is characterized by polymorphism – the disease can lead to the development of mild autonomic disorders or gross changes in sensitivity and motor activity. Experts identify such specific neurological symptoms:
The development of reflex pain syndrome. Depending on the localization of the pathological process, lumbalgia, cervicalgia, thoracalgia, brachialgia may develop;
Lumbago. This is an acute pain syndrome in the lumbar spine. The symptom develops suddenly during awkward movements or physical exertion. They’re characterized by increased pain during coughing, sneezing, and movements.
The occurrence of radicular compression syndrome. The condition develops on the background of a herniated disc, which is modified cartilage that causes squeezing of the nerve roots.
Taking medications allows you to improve the blood supply to tissues, restore cartilage tissue, stop soreness, as well as eliminate the inflammatory process. To do this, the below groups of drugs may be prescribed:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac, Nurofen, Nimesulide). Drugs can effectively eliminate inflammation, pain, swelling. However, long-term use of non-selective anti-inflammatory drugs can lead to the development of gastric ulcers;
Analgesics. Drugs prescribed to eliminate the intense pain;
Chondroprotectors. The drugs are aimed at restoring the intervertebral discs, and require a long reception – 12-18 months;
Cream and ointment for external use. To eliminate pain syndrome, you can use local warming drugs. They do not have a systemic effect, therefore they rarely provoke the development of adverse reactions;
Antidepressants (Amitriptyline, Fluoxetine). Preparations are prescribed if the pain persists for 3 months. This will help the senior patient to calm down, and reduce the intensity of the pain;
Pentoxifylline. The drug is prescribed for the normalization of local blood flow. It is recommended to take in combination with nicotinic and thioctic acid;
Diuretic drugs (diacarb, furosemide). Diuretics can help reduce puffiness;
B vitamins are used to restore the nervous system;
Blockade injections can effectively arrest pronounced pain syndrome;
Muscle relaxants. These drugs help eliminate muscle spasm and eliminate pain.
Seniors in the United States can use the best 2020 Medicare supplement plans if they are 65 & over for covering copay and deductible.